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06 August 2017


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do the expat communities in the US play any role in all this? or mostly expat communities in Paris and London? Of course during this time the US is consumed with the tumble towards Civil War, but I am thinking of Europeans living in the US. For example, the area of DC known as Foggy Bottom was known as Little Hamburg in 1848. Were books and journals making their way back to Prussia, Austria, Hungary, Poland, and Italy from the US? What about $ coming from immigrants to their families on the old country? Or is that simply not a factor?



Regarding Holy Roman Emperor Francis II becoming Austrian Emperor Francis I...this happened 11 August 1804 (responding to Napoleon being proclaimed Emperor/23 April-18 May 1804).






Hey Mr. Duncan,

Francis II of the HRE dissolved the HRE and simply took the title Emperor of the Austrian Empire. He was king of Bohemia and Hungary as well, but he at least wanted to remain equal in status to the new self proclaimed emperor Napoleon I, thats why he made himself emperor, and not king, as you said.
So Francis II became Francis I., emperor of Austria

Good episode though :)


Great episode, the Austrian empire is something I always enjoy learning about. Just as a note though, the 'cs' in Mohacs is pronounced like the 'ch' sound in English. The letter 's' is what makes the 'sh' sound.
Also, didn't Bohemia only become part of of the Hapsburg lands in 1618 following the defenestration of Prague? Or was that only the formal annexation of what had been de facto true since 1526?



*...didn't Bohemia only become part of of the Hapsburg lands in 1618 following the defenestration of Prague? Or was that only the formal annexation of what had been de facto true since 1526?* Martin Mutschlechner writes...

*The Battle of Mohács against the Ottomans fought on 29 August 1526 brought a sudden twist of fate. Ferdinand’s brother-in-law, the young King Louis II of Bohemia and Hungary, fell on the battle field.

The provisions of the Vienna inheritance contract that Ferdinand’s grandfather Maximilian I had concluded with the House of Jagiello duly came into effect, far earlier than expected. The crowns of the major kingdoms of Bohemia and Hungary were now within Ferdinand’s grasp.

However, first Ferdinand had to be elected, as until then he had merely been accepted as prospective monarch...In Bohemia Ferdinand was confirmed as king without complications in 1526...*


Link... http://www.habsburger.net/en/chapter/ferdinand-i-new-crowns-habsburgs


I really appreciated this episode! It's missing the concluding music, though, and I'm always surprised by how much of a lurch this leaves me, when I'me expecting the music and it doesn't start.

(I think this is only the second time this has happened in the entire Revolutions podcast...or maybe even between the Revolutions podcast and the half of the Roman History podcast I have listened to...so it's not that common a flaw.)

Tristan Macdonald

Excellent episode! Plus, I just pre-ordered the book, not only because I can't wait to read it, but also as a thank you: this podcast as a whole was a HUGE help in letting me pass the Massachusetts teaching exam for high school history--in fact, one of the two essays required me to contrast two revolutions, which was a cinch due to these series! Thanks, Mr. Duncan!


Hei Mike.

Just a small, almost irrelevant correction/suggestion: From Croatia come the Croats, not Croatians.

Thank you for a great show!


Excellent summarization of the Habsburg Empire.

Ryan Dawson

"One of the things holding Austrian industrialization back was the simple fact that coal deposits were scattered around all over the place rather than being concentrated, and those same landlords made very good money in timber, and they didn't wnnt to switch over to charcoal."

No, you mean just regular coal. Charcoal is a wood product and a lumber magnate would have no objection to its use.


I don't know whether there was much "cross-pollinizing" so to speak between the US and Europe in the eastward direction during 1848, but there were A LOT of emigrants from Europe who swelled the ranks of (mostly) the Union in the Civil War. There were even regiments with songs in German and whatnot proclaiming they fought for liberty in 1848 and they shall do so for Lincoln again...


When you walk around Rome, many places you will see the letters SPQR. When you walk around Vienna, many places you will see the letters k. u. k. It stands for Kaiserliche und königliche.

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